Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

Op-Eds & Short Articles

TV Appearances

Radio Interviews

Instagram Updates

Instagram post 2197974136920565749_8257969936 "Go afield with a good attitude, with respect for the wildlife you hunt and for the forest and fields in which you walk. Immerse yourself in the outdoor experience. It will cleanse your soul and make you a better person.” -- Fred Bear

Photo: Fred Bear and Jim Henderson, hunting in Ontario Canada in 1943.
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#fredbear #jimhenderson #fredbearquotes #huntingquotes #getoutdoors #whatgetsyououtdoors #bearhunting #hunt #hunting #righttohunt #righttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #gamehunting #huntinglife #hunter #huntingisfun #outdoorlife #sportsman #outdoorsman #canadahunting #wildlife #outdoorsforthesoul #refreshyourmind #respectnature #outdoorexperience #famoushunters #hunting_photo #hunters #fieldhunting

"Go afield with a good attitude, with respect for the wildlife you hunt and for the forest and fields in which you walk. Immerse yourself in the outdoor experience. It will cleanse your soul and make you a better person.” -- Fred Bear

Photo: Fred Bear and Jim Henderson, hunting in Ontario Canada in 1943.
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#fredbear #jimhenderson #fredbearquotes #huntingquotes #getoutdoors #whatgetsyououtdoors #bearhunting #hunt #hunting #righttohunt #righttobeararms #rtkba #rtba #gamehunting #huntinglife #hunter #huntingisfun #outdoorlife #sportsman #outdoorsman #canadahunting #wildlife #outdoorsforthesoul #refreshyourmind #respectnature #outdoorexperience #famoushunters #hunting_photo #hunters #fieldhunting
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20 1
Instagram post 2197255342258496559_8257969936 The ultimate purpose of gun registration is confiscation. "In February 1933, Nazi chief Hermann Göring, in his capacity as Prussian minister of the interior, ordered the regional governments of Prussia to submit registration lists of all firearm license holders.  The purpose was to revoke licenses held by political enemies and to confiscate their firearms. . . . Throughout the accounts on records kept in Brandenburg, each individual gun owner's political attitude and reliability was evaluated in conjunction with the 'need' for a firearm.  There was no presumed right to keep, much less to bear, arms and no reservation about the use of political labels in deciding whether to authorize or prohibit individual gun ownership." From Gun Control in the Third Reich, p. 69.

Photo: Hermann Göring on Time magazine cover, 1933.
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#europeanhistory #nazihistory #thirdreich #thirdreichhistory #WWIIhistory #nazigermany #Göring #reichsjägermeister #hermanngoring #hermangoering #nazi #reichstaghistory #nazichief #ww2history #guncontrolinthethirdreich #1933 #gunregistration #firearmregistration #prussia #gunconfiscation #firearmslicense #gunowner #gunowners #rtkba #politicalenemies #selfdefense #gunregistrationlist #learnfromhistory #timemagazinecover #timemagazine

The ultimate purpose of gun registration is confiscation. "In February 1933, Nazi chief Hermann Göring, in his capacity as Prussian minister of the interior, ordered the regional governments of Prussia to submit registration lists of all firearm license holders.  The purpose was to revoke licenses held by political enemies and to confiscate their firearms. . . . Throughout the accounts on records kept in Brandenburg, each individual gun owner's political attitude and reliability was evaluated in conjunction with the 'need' for a firearm.  There was no presumed right to keep, much less to bear, arms and no reservation about the use of political labels in deciding whether to authorize or prohibit individual gun ownership." From Gun Control in the Third Reich, p. 69.

Photo: Hermann Göring on Time magazine cover, 1933.
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#europeanhistory #nazihistory #thirdreich #thirdreichhistory #WWIIhistory #nazigermany #Göring #reichsjägermeister #hermanngoring #hermangoering #nazi #reichstaghistory #nazichief #ww2history #guncontrolinthethirdreich #1933 #gunregistration #firearmregistration #prussia #gunconfiscation #firearmslicense #gunowner #gunowners #rtkba #politicalenemies #selfdefense #gunregistrationlist #learnfromhistory #timemagazinecover #timemagazine
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Instagram post 2196525512776960474_8257969936 Section 13 of the Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776 states: "That a well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power." Virginia's Declaration was written by American statesman George Mason, and adopted by the Virginia Constitutional Convention on June 12, 1776.  Thomas Jefferson drew upon this document in writing the opening paragraphs of the Declaration of Independence and other colonies copied it for their own Bills of Rights. (For more details, see The Founders' Second Amendment.) George Mason was born on this day in 1725.
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#georgemason #thomasjefferson #virginiadeclarationofrights #1776 #keepandbeararms #revolutionarywar #patriots #2ahistory #ushistory #americanhistory #militia #billofrights #gunrights #constitutionalrights #thefounderssecondamendment #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #foundingfathersquote #americanfounders #colonialamerica #uspatriot #individualrights #historybuff #revolutionaryhistory #greatmeninhistory #welltrainedmilitia #onthisday #onthisdate

Section 13 of the Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776 states: "That a well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power." Virginia's Declaration was written by American statesman George Mason, and adopted by the Virginia Constitutional Convention on June 12, 1776.  Thomas Jefferson drew upon this document in writing the opening paragraphs of the Declaration of Independence and other colonies copied it for their own Bills of Rights. (For more details, see The Founders' Second Amendment.) George Mason was born on this day in 1725.
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#georgemason #thomasjefferson #virginiadeclarationofrights #1776 #keepandbeararms #revolutionarywar #patriots #2ahistory #ushistory #americanhistory #militia #billofrights #gunrights #constitutionalrights #thefounderssecondamendment #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #foundingfathersquote #americanfounders #colonialamerica #uspatriot #individualrights #historybuff #revolutionaryhistory #greatmeninhistory #welltrainedmilitia #onthisday #onthisdate
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9 1
Instagram post 2195801887174135873_8257969936 "The great body of our citizens shoot less as times goes on. We should encourage rifle practice among schoolboys, and indeed among all classes, as well as in the military services by every means in our power. Thus, and not otherwise, may we be able to assist in preserving peace in the world... The first step – in the direction of preparation to avert war if possible, and to be fit for war if it should come – is to teach men to shoot!" – President Theodore Roosevelt.

On this day in 1906, Roosevelt became the first American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. (For negotiating peace in the 1904-5 Russo-Japanese war and also for arbitrating a dispute with Mexico.) Photo: Theodore Roosevelt, 1909
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#presidentteddyroosevelt #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquotes #rifle #riflepractice 
#2a #2amendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #historybuff #progun #1906 #schoolboy #selfdefense #marksman #citizensinarms #onthisday #onthisdate #preservepeace #teachmentoshoot #teachshooting #shootinglessons #nobelpeaceprize #russojapanesewar #shootmore #militaryservices #learntoshoot #onthisdayinhistory

"The great body of our citizens shoot less as times goes on. We should encourage rifle practice among schoolboys, and indeed among all classes, as well as in the military services by every means in our power. Thus, and not otherwise, may we be able to assist in preserving peace in the world... The first step – in the direction of preparation to avert war if possible, and to be fit for war if it should come – is to teach men to shoot!" – President Theodore Roosevelt.

On this day in 1906, Roosevelt became the first American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. (For negotiating peace in the 1904-5 Russo-Japanese war and also for arbitrating a dispute with Mexico.) Photo: Theodore Roosevelt, 1909
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#presidentteddyroosevelt #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquotes #rifle #riflepractice 
#2a #2amendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #historybuff #progun #1906 #schoolboy #selfdefense #marksman #citizensinarms #onthisday #onthisdate #preservepeace #teachmentoshoot #teachshooting #shootinglessons #nobelpeaceprize #russojapanesewar #shootmore #militaryservices #learntoshoot #onthisdayinhistory
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17 1
Instagram post 2195089703045658607_8257969936 "A man's rights rest in three boxes: the ballot box, the jury box, and the cartridge box." - Frederick Douglass
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 #frederickdouglass #frederickdouglassquotes #blackhistory #blackwriters #blackrightsmatter #righttovote #13thamendment #14thamendment #rtkba #righttokeepandbeararms #rtba #righttobeararms #2a #2ndamendment #citizenrights #citizensrights #ballotbox #cartridgebox #ushistory #americanhistory #orator #abolitionist #americanslavery #writer #statesman #reconstruction #freedmen #firearmrights #civilrights #blackmanwithagun

"A man's rights rest in three boxes: the ballot box, the jury box, and the cartridge box." - Frederick Douglass
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 #frederickdouglass #frederickdouglassquotes #blackhistory #blackwriters #blackrightsmatter #righttovote #13thamendment #14thamendment #rtkba #righttokeepandbeararms #rtba #righttobeararms #2a #2ndamendment #citizenrights #citizensrights #ballotbox #cartridgebox #ushistory #americanhistory #orator #abolitionist #americanslavery #writer #statesman #reconstruction #freedmen #firearmrights #civilrights #blackmanwithagun
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20 1
Instagram post 2192906793531790983_8257969936 Slavery and involuntary servitude were abolished by the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution on this date in 1865.  However, even though ex-slaves were granted citizenship, they did not automatically receive rights such as the right to bear arms.  It would take the passing of the 14th Amendment, 3 years later, for the ex-slaves right to bear arms, and other fundamental rights, to be safeguarded.  To read more on this topic, see my book Securing Civil Rights: Freedmen, the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Right to Bear Arms.
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#13thamendment #firearmrights #securingcivilrights #freedmen #blackgunrights #gunrights #2a #rtkba #righttobeararms #constitutionalright #selfdefense #blackmanwithagun #rtba #blackhistory #civilrights #billofrights #americanhistory #14thamendment #civilwarreconstruction #onthisday  #onthisdate #armedblackman #blackrightsmatter #blackhistory #civilrights #gunrights #ushistory #1865 #slavery #americanslavery

Slavery and involuntary servitude were abolished by the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution on this date in 1865.  However, even though ex-slaves were granted citizenship, they did not automatically receive rights such as the right to bear arms.  It would take the passing of the 14th Amendment, 3 years later, for the ex-slaves right to bear arms, and other fundamental rights, to be safeguarded.  To read more on this topic, see my book Securing Civil Rights: Freedmen, the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Right to Bear Arms.
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#13thamendment #firearmrights #securingcivilrights #freedmen #blackgunrights #gunrights #2a #rtkba #righttobeararms #constitutionalright #selfdefense #blackmanwithagun #rtba #blackhistory #civilrights #billofrights #americanhistory #14thamendment #civilwarreconstruction #onthisday #onthisdate #armedblackman #blackrightsmatter #blackhistory #civilrights #gunrights #ushistory #1865 #slavery #americanslavery
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12 0
Instagram post 2192172398382634761_8257969936 "The laws of the ancient English kings proscribed violent acts with arms, from brandishing to murder, but recognized as rightful the mere possession and carrying of arms.  The laws of Alfred (871-899) prohibited fighting or drawing a weapon in the king's hall, lending a weapon with evil intent to another for purposes of murder, the use of a sword polisher of another's weapon to commit a crime, and disturbing a public meeting by drawing a weapon. The Laws of Cnut (1020-1023) not only considered armed self-defense a right and duty, fining those who failed to follow the hue and and cry, but also directed that 'if anyone illegally disarms a man, he is [to] compensate him with healsfang, a fine. Unlike later feudal game legislation, under Cnut 'every man is to be entitled to his hunting in wood and field on his own land.' "  From That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, pgs. 37-38.
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#rtkba #rkba #englishcommonlaw #kingalfred #kingalfredthegreat #alfredthegreat #englishking #englishkings #ancientengland #weaponlaw #weaponlaws #righttocarry #righttobeararms #firearmslaws #2ahistory #thateverymanbearmed #armedpopulace #armedcitizen #englishhistory #britishhistory #firearmslawhistory #ancientenglish #sword #beararms #constitutionalrights #cnut #kingcnut #cnutthegreat #armedfreeman #armedfreemen

"The laws of the ancient English kings proscribed violent acts with arms, from brandishing to murder, but recognized as rightful the mere possession and carrying of arms.  The laws of Alfred (871-899) prohibited fighting or drawing a weapon in the king's hall, lending a weapon with evil intent to another for purposes of murder, the use of a sword polisher of another's weapon to commit a crime, and disturbing a public meeting by drawing a weapon. The Laws of Cnut (1020-1023) not only considered armed self-defense a right and duty, fining those who failed to follow the hue and and cry, but also directed that 'if anyone illegally disarms a man, he is [to] compensate him with healsfang, a fine. Unlike later feudal game legislation, under Cnut 'every man is to be entitled to his hunting in wood and field on his own land.' "  From That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, pgs. 37-38.
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#rtkba #rkba #englishcommonlaw #kingalfred #kingalfredthegreat #alfredthegreat #englishking #englishkings #ancientengland #weaponlaw #weaponlaws #righttocarry #righttobeararms #firearmslaws #2ahistory #thateverymanbearmed #armedpopulace #armedcitizen #englishhistory #britishhistory #firearmslawhistory #ancientenglish #sword #beararms #constitutionalrights #cnut #kingcnut #cnutthegreat #armedfreeman #armedfreemen
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany