Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

Op-Eds & Short Articles

TV Appearances

Radio Interviews

Instagram Updates

Instagram post 2173332504524796565_8257969936 From November 9-10, 1938, Nazis unleashed terror and violence on German Jews in an attack that is known as "Kristallnacht" (Night of the Broken Glass). Jewish homes, businesses, and schools were vandalized and looted.  Their synagogues burned.  Close to 100 Jews were killed. "Given the premise that any Jew with a weapon threatened the Reich, the universally cited excuse to ransack Jewish houses, businesses, and synagogues during Reichskristallnacht was to search for and seize weapons of any kind.  Those who actually possessed weapons had them seized and were subject to twenty years in a concentration camp." Gun Control in the Third Reich, p. 187.  See this chapter for examples of victims' accounts of their experiences.

Photo title:  Synagoge of Siegen, Germany, burning during Kristallnacht, November 9, 1938

Photo of book:  Hitlers Waffengesetze (German translation of Gun Control in the Third Reich) - ordering info at: berlinstory.de/verlag/programm/drittes-reich/fatales-erbe/
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#kristallnacht #reichskristallnacht #nightofthebrokenglass #pogrom #kristallnachtrememberance #jewishhistory #nazihistory #nazi #gestapo #nazigermany #germanjews #holocaust #holocausthistory #november9 #1938 #nationalsocialist #weaponspermit #wwiihistory #guncontrol #disarm #gunregistration #firearms #weaponsban #ww2history #onthisday #onthisdate #neverforget #illegalweapons #HitlersWaffengesetze #guncontrolinthethirdreich

From November 9-10, 1938, Nazis unleashed terror and violence on German Jews in an attack that is known as "Kristallnacht" (Night of the Broken Glass). Jewish homes, businesses, and schools were vandalized and looted.  Their synagogues burned.  Close to 100 Jews were killed. "Given the premise that any Jew with a weapon threatened the Reich, the universally cited excuse to ransack Jewish houses, businesses, and synagogues during Reichskristallnacht was to search for and seize weapons of any kind.  Those who actually possessed weapons had them seized and were subject to twenty years in a concentration camp." Gun Control in the Third Reich, p. 187. See this chapter for examples of victims' accounts of their experiences.

Photo title:  Synagoge of Siegen, Germany, burning during Kristallnacht, November 9, 1938

Photo of book:  Hitlers Waffengesetze (German translation of Gun Control in the Third Reich) - ordering info at: berlinstory.de/verlag/programm/drittes-reich/fatales-erbe/
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#kristallnacht #reichskristallnacht #nightofthebrokenglass #pogrom #kristallnachtrememberance #jewishhistory #nazihistory #nazi #gestapo #nazigermany #germanjews #holocaust #holocausthistory #november9 #1938 #nationalsocialist #weaponspermit #wwiihistory #guncontrol #disarm #gunregistration #firearms #weaponsban #ww2history #onthisday #onthisdate #neverforget #illegalweapons #HitlersWaffengesetze #guncontrolinthethirdreich
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Instagram post 2172597375271566146_8257969936 Today marks the 96th anniversary of Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch (Nov. 8-9, 1923). "In the putsch, Hitler took officials hostage at gunpoint at the Bürgerbräukeller, a large beer hall in Munich; a failed attempt was made to seize the main police station; and the Nazis tried to advance but were stopped by the police.  The police fired and killed fourteen Nazi "martyrs" as Hitler ran away." In the years that followed, Hitler marked the anniversary with an annual speech to remember the "fallen heroes" who had died in that shootout with the police.  From Gun Control in the Third Reich, pgs. 10, 164.

Photo: 1939 memorial ceremony
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#beerhallputsch #reichswehr #munichputsch #hitlerputsch #WWII #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #Nazi #NaziGermany #Munich #1923 #NationalSocialism #3rdReich #ThirdReich #ThisDayinHistory #Bürgerbräukeller 
#guncontrol #righttobeararms #historybuff #historygeek #europeanhistory #wwIIhistory #ww2history #firearms #guncontrolinthethirdreich #bavarianhistory #adolfhitlers #secrethitler #onthisday #onthisdate

Today marks the 96th anniversary of Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch (Nov. 8-9, 1923). "In the putsch, Hitler took officials hostage at gunpoint at the Bürgerbräukeller, a large beer hall in Munich; a failed attempt was made to seize the main police station; and the Nazis tried to advance but were stopped by the police.  The police fired and killed fourteen Nazi "martyrs" as Hitler ran away." In the years that followed, Hitler marked the anniversary with an annual speech to remember the "fallen heroes" who had died in that shootout with the police.  From Gun Control in the Third Reich, pgs. 10, 164.

Photo: 1939 memorial ceremony
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#beerhallputsch #reichswehr #munichputsch #hitlerputsch #WWII #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #Nazi #NaziGermany #Munich #1923 #NationalSocialism #3rdReich #ThirdReich #ThisDayinHistory #Bürgerbräukeller 
#guncontrol #righttobeararms #historybuff #historygeek #europeanhistory #wwIIhistory #ww2history #firearms #guncontrolinthethirdreich #bavarianhistory #adolfhitlers #secrethitler #onthisday #onthisdate
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Instagram post 2171161309687692430_8257969936 I enjoy hearing from readers of my books.  Yesterday I was tagged by @marceloddf who posted a picture of Hitler e o Desarmamento, the Portuguese translation of Gun Control in the Third Reich.  This law student commented: "I'm loving it. Disarmament never again!" Thank you, Marcelo.  Besides English and Portuguese, Gun Control in the Third Reich is also available in French and German.  More information is on my website at: stephenhalbrook.com/books/gun-control-in-the-third-reich/
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#guncontrolinthethirdreich #HitlereoDesarmamento #HitlersWaffengesetze #BasLesArmes #neveragain #disarmamento #desarmamento #armas #nazista 
#antisemitism #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #thirdreich #enemiesofthestate #wehrmachthistory #nazi #nazigermany #jewsww2 #jewsworldwar2 #guncontrol #disarm #weaponssearch #naziguncontrol #europeanhistory #wwIIhistory #ww2history #firearms #stephenhalbrook

I enjoy hearing from readers of my books.  Yesterday I was tagged by @marceloddf who posted a picture of Hitler e o Desarmamento, the Portuguese translation of Gun Control in the Third Reich.  This law student commented: "I'm loving it. Disarmament never again!" Thank you, Marcelo.  Besides English and Portuguese, Gun Control in the Third Reich is also available in French and German.  More information is on my website at: stephenhalbrook.com/books/gun-control-in-the-third-reich/
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#guncontrolinthethirdreich #HitlereoDesarmamento #HitlersWaffengesetze #BasLesArmes #neveragain #disarmamento #desarmamento #armas #nazista 
#antisemitism #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #thirdreich #enemiesofthestate #wehrmachthistory #nazi #nazigermany #jewsww2 #jewsworldwar2 #guncontrol #disarm #weaponssearch #naziguncontrol #europeanhistory #wwIIhistory #ww2history #firearms #stephenhalbrook
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Instagram post 2170435871508259416_8257969936 There are those that claim that the 2nd Amendment does not protect modern weapons.  This is of course a false assumption.  Supreme Court Justice Alito wrote: "[T]he weapons most commonly used today for self-defense, namely, revolvers and semiautomatic pistols," did not exist at the end of the 18th century. Caetan v. Massachusetts, 136 S. Ct. 1027, 1031 (2016). For more discussion on this topic, see the brief for amicus curiae which I wrote for the National African American Gun Association, Inc. in support of petitioners in the U.S. Supreme Court case Worman v. Healey.  The amicus brief is on my website at:  stephenhalbrook.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/19-404-Amicus-Brief-of-National-African-American-Gun-Association-Inc..pdf
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#modernweapons #revolver #revolvers #semiauto #semiautomatic #semiautomaticpistol #gunhistory #selfdefense 
#2ahistory #2ndamendmentmeaning #guncontrol #firearm #firearms #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunowners #gunowner #firearmslaws #constitutionalright #donotinfringe #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #justicealito

There are those that claim that the 2nd Amendment does not protect modern weapons.  This is of course a false assumption.  Supreme Court Justice Alito wrote: "[T]he weapons most commonly used today for self-defense, namely, revolvers and semiautomatic pistols," did not exist at the end of the 18th century. Caetan v. Massachusetts, 136 S. Ct. 1027, 1031 (2016). For more discussion on this topic, see the brief for amicus curiae which I wrote for the National African American Gun Association, Inc. in support of petitioners in the U.S. Supreme Court case Worman v. Healey.  The amicus brief is on my website at:  stephenhalbrook.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/19-404-Amicus-Brief-of-National-African-American-Gun-Association-Inc..pdf
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#modernweapons #revolver #revolvers #semiauto #semiautomatic #semiautomaticpistol #gunhistory #selfdefense 
#2ahistory #2ndamendmentmeaning #guncontrol #firearm #firearms #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunowners #gunowner #firearmslaws #constitutionalright #donotinfringe #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #justicealito
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Instagram post 2169705765286401831_8257969936 The Swiss did not hold back their anti-Nazi feelings during WWII.  This came out in many ways including cabaret satire.  In 1935 Zurich's Cabaret Cornichon (The Pickle Cabaret) performed "These Are the Days of Roses" in which the Master of Ceremonies announced: " 'The Cornichon unfortunately failed to contribute anything to the wedding of Reich Marshal Göring and Emmy Sonnemann.  We want to correct that now.  Maybe you have heard that the noble bride and groom received a wild boar as a gift.  We are now collecting money for a collar and a leash so that Mrs. Göring can walk the wild boar every evening.' Calling one of the highest officials of Nazi Germany a pig brought howls of laughter from the Swiss and howls of protest from Germany." From The Swiss and the Nazis, p. 39.
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#cabaretcornichon #zurichhistory #nazisatire #europeanhistory #nazihistory #thirdreich #thirdreichhistory #WWIIhistory #Switzerlandhistory #nazigermany #swisswwiihistory #theswissandthenazis #cabarethistory #cabaretswitzerland #thepicklecabaret #nazihumor #swisscabaret #antinazi #antinazism #Göring #reichsjägermeister #hermanngoring #hermangoering #nazi #reichstag #reichstaghistory #nazichief #historybuff #ww2history #EmmySonnemann

The Swiss did not hold back their anti-Nazi feelings during WWII.  This came out in many ways including cabaret satire.  In 1935 Zurich's Cabaret Cornichon (The Pickle Cabaret) performed "These Are the Days of Roses" in which the Master of Ceremonies announced: " 'The Cornichon unfortunately failed to contribute anything to the wedding of Reich Marshal Göring and Emmy Sonnemann.  We want to correct that now.  Maybe you have heard that the noble bride and groom received a wild boar as a gift.  We are now collecting money for a collar and a leash so that Mrs. Göring can walk the wild boar every evening.' Calling one of the highest officials of Nazi Germany a pig brought howls of laughter from the Swiss and howls of protest from Germany." From The Swiss and the Nazis, p. 39.
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#cabaretcornichon #zurichhistory #nazisatire #europeanhistory #nazihistory #thirdreich #thirdreichhistory #WWIIhistory #Switzerlandhistory #nazigermany #swisswwiihistory #theswissandthenazis #cabarethistory #cabaretswitzerland #thepicklecabaret #nazihumor #swisscabaret #antinazi #antinazism #Göring #reichsjägermeister #hermanngoring #hermangoering #nazi #reichstag #reichstaghistory #nazichief #historybuff #ww2history #EmmySonnemann
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Instagram post 2167502288762149546_8257969936 According to the National Wildlife Federation, "The average American boy or girl spends just four to seven minutes in unstructured outdoor play each day, and more than seven hours each day in front of an electronic screen." Such a great loss for these modern children in so many ways.  Theodore Roosevelt wisely said, "The country is the place for children, and if not the country, a city small enough so that one can get out into the country." #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquote #hunter #hunting #hunt #huntingtradition #childrenhunting #righttohunt #rtkba #presidentteddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquotes 
#selfreliance #rifle #boysshootingguns #greatoutdoorslife #greatoutdoors #learninginnature #growingstronger #naturesbenefits #boyshunting #getoutside #vintagephotos #nationalwildlifefederation #screenfreekids #americankids #getkidsoutdoors #letthemexplore #letthemplayoutside

According to the National Wildlife Federation, "The average American boy or girl spends just four to seven minutes in unstructured outdoor play each day, and more than seven hours each day in front of an electronic screen." Such a great loss for these modern children in so many ways.  Theodore Roosevelt wisely said, "The country is the place for children, and if not the country, a city small enough so that one can get out into the country." #theodoreroosevelt #teddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquote #theodorerooseveltquote #hunter #hunting #hunt #huntingtradition #childrenhunting #righttohunt #rtkba #presidentteddyroosevelt #teddyrooseveltquotes 
#selfreliance #rifle #boysshootingguns #greatoutdoorslife #greatoutdoors #learninginnature #growingstronger #naturesbenefits #boyshunting #getoutside #vintagephotos #nationalwildlifefederation #screenfreekids #americankids #getkidsoutdoors #letthemexplore #letthemplayoutside
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Instagram post 2166055969491510658_8257969936 Founding Father, attorney, and second U.S. president, John Adams upheld the right of "arms in the hands of citizens, to be used at individual discretion, . . . in private self-defense . . . ." From The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms, p. 160.  Adams was born on this date in 1735.
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#johnadams #2ahistory #foundingfathers #uspresidents #ushistory #americanhistory #billofrights #gunrights #constitutionalrights #thefounderssecondamendment #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #foundingfathersquote #americanfounders #colonialamerica #uspatriot #individualrights #revolutionaryhistory #greatmeninhistory #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #selfdefense #johnadamsquotes #onthisday #onthisdate #firearm #firearms #gunowner

Founding Father, attorney, and second U.S. president, John Adams upheld the right of "arms in the hands of citizens, to be used at individual discretion, . . . in private self-defense . . . ." From The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms, p. 160.  Adams was born on this date in 1735.
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#johnadams #2ahistory #foundingfathers #uspresidents #ushistory #americanhistory #billofrights #gunrights #constitutionalrights #thefounderssecondamendment #2a #2ndamendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #foundingfathersquote #americanfounders #colonialamerica #uspatriot #individualrights #revolutionaryhistory #greatmeninhistory #armedcitizen #keepandbeararms #selfdefense #johnadamsquotes #onthisday #onthisdate #firearm #firearms #gunowner
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Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany