Before the U.S. Supreme Court in Castillo v. U.S. (2000)

“Stephen Halbrook is an attorney with extensive knowledge of the historical underpinnings of the Second Amendment and practical knowledge of litigating in this rapidly evolving area of law. His writings include topics as diverse as Gun Control in the Third Reich and The Founders’ Second Amendment, and he was heavily involved in Heller and McDonald.”

– U.S. District Judge Michael J. Reagan
Shepard v. Madigan, 2014 WL 4825592, *7 (S.D. Ill. 2014)

Supreme Court Practice

Practice Areas

Gun Control Act/National Firearms Act

  • Firearm technical classifications
  • ATF regulatory compliance
  • FFL warning conferences, license denials,
    and revocations
  • Forfeitures
  • Legal disabilities and restoration of civil rights
  • Criminal defense

State and Local Laws

  • “Assault weapon” restrictions
  • Legal status of firearms
  • Challenging restrictions

Civil and Criminal Cases Litigated >>

Books

Congressional Testimony

Scholarly Articles

Op-Eds & Short Articles

TV Appearances

Radio Interviews

Instagram Updates

Instagram post 2155900995172150804_8257969936 "Just as the First Amendment protects modern forms of communication, . . . and the Fourth Amendment applies to modern forms of search, . . . the Second Amendment extends, prima facie, to all instruments that constitute bearable arms, even those that were not in existence at the time of the founding." District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570, 582 (2008)
.
.
.
#billofrights #1stamendment #4thamendment #1amendment #4amendment #2a #2ndamendment #2amendment #2amendmentrights #2amendmentsupporter #rtkba #rtba #firearm #firearms #foundingfathers #righttobeararms #modernfirearm #modernfirearms #constitutionalright #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #2ameaning #2ndamendmentmeaning #2ahistory #hellercase #dcvheller #dcvsheller #districtofcolumbiavheller #dcgunban #hellervsdc

"Just as the First Amendment protects modern forms of communication, . . . and the Fourth Amendment applies to modern forms of search, . . . the Second Amendment extends, prima facie, to all instruments that constitute bearable arms, even those that were not in existence at the time of the founding." District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570, 582 (2008)
.
.
.
#billofrights #1stamendment #4thamendment #1amendment #4amendment #2a #2ndamendment #2amendment #2amendmentrights #2amendmentsupporter #rtkba #rtba #firearm #firearms #foundingfathers #righttobeararms #modernfirearm #modernfirearms #constitutionalright #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #2ameaning #2ndamendmentmeaning #2ahistory #hellercase #dcvheller #dcvsheller #districtofcolumbiavheller #dcgunban #hellervsdc
...

8 1
Instagram post 2155178995816136725_8257969936 Pierre Laval, the puppet leader of Nazi occupied Vichy France, was executed on this date in 1945 for treason.  While awaiting his trial after WWII, he sought to justify his actions by writing: " 'The most lurid violation of the Armistice Convention was the crossing of the demarcation line by the German army' in 1942, adding that 'the Armistice lasted four long years, and we had no means, no weapons, other than negotiations described to-day as "intelligence with the enemy," to serve as a barrier to German cruelty and rapacity.' The lack of weapons could be traced in part to Laval's own 1935 decree that firearms be registered with the police and his subsequent collaboration with the Germans." From Gun Control in Nazi-Occupied France, pgs. 161-162.

Photo:  Paris, German Police Headquarters, 1 May 1943, Prime Minister of France Pierre Laval and Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer SS-Gruppenführer Carl Oberg.
.
.
.
#vichyfrance #firearmsregistration #régimedevichy 
#primeministerlaval #pierrelaval #germanoccupation #gunownership #gunrestrictions #franceguncontrol #wwii #wwiihistory #frenchguncontrol #nazi #naziguncontrol #francehistory #guncontrol #nazioccupiedfrance #righttobeararms #guncontrolinnazioccupiedfrance #ww2guns #gunconfiscation #gunregistration #nazilaws #disarm #ww2history #rtkba #europeanhistory #onthisday #onthisdate #onthisdayinhistory

Pierre Laval, the puppet leader of Nazi occupied Vichy France, was executed on this date in 1945 for treason.  While awaiting his trial after WWII, he sought to justify his actions by writing: " 'The most lurid violation of the Armistice Convention was the crossing of the demarcation line by the German army' in 1942, adding that 'the Armistice lasted four long years, and we had no means, no weapons, other than negotiations described to-day as "intelligence with the enemy," to serve as a barrier to German cruelty and rapacity.' The lack of weapons could be traced in part to Laval's own 1935 decree that firearms be registered with the police and his subsequent collaboration with the Germans." From Gun Control in Nazi-Occupied France, pgs. 161-162.

Photo:  Paris, German Police Headquarters, 1 May 1943, Prime Minister of France Pierre Laval and Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer SS-Gruppenführer Carl Oberg.
.
.
.
#vichyfrance #firearmsregistration #régimedevichy 
#primeministerlaval #pierrelaval #germanoccupation #gunownership #gunrestrictions #franceguncontrol #wwii #wwiihistory #frenchguncontrol #nazi #naziguncontrol #francehistory #guncontrol #nazioccupiedfrance #righttobeararms #guncontrolinnazioccupiedfrance #ww2guns #gunconfiscation #gunregistration #nazilaws #disarm #ww2history #rtkba #europeanhistory #onthisday #onthisdate #onthisdayinhistory
...

11 1
Instagram post 2154458383963476860_8257969936 "Everywhere, one meets city and country folk, rifle to the shoulder, causing foreigners to exclaim: ‘You are having a revolution!’” These words, written by Henri Guisan, Switzerland’s highest general in World War II, about that country’s ubiquitous shooting matches is as true today as when he wrote it in 1938. Imagine what today’s tourists from Japan, where guns are banned, think when gunfire echoes down Alpine valleys." Excerpt from my article, “A Swiss Schuetzenfest: The World’s Largest Rifle Match,” Shooting Sports USA, Oct. 9, 2019.  https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2019/10/9/a-swiss-schuetzenfest-the-world-s-largest-rifle-match/

Photo: I am holding my Stgw 90 rifle at the July 2010 Swiss Schuetzenfest
.
.
.
#SwissShootingAssociation #SchweizerSchiessportverband #protell #Schuetzenfest #swissSchuetzenfest #shootingsports #Stgw90 #rifle #rifles #shootingmatch #swiss #switzerland #shootingmatches #Strumgewehr #assaultrifle #assaultrifles #k31 #boltaction #swissriflesofdc #swissrifles #shootingclub #nraila #electronictargets #britishalpinerifles #stephenhalbrook #sandrafroman #henriguisan #shootingsportsusa #militiaday #riflematch

"Everywhere, one meets city and country folk, rifle to the shoulder, causing foreigners to exclaim: ‘You are having a revolution!’” These words, written by Henri Guisan, Switzerland’s highest general in World War II, about that country’s ubiquitous shooting matches is as true today as when he wrote it in 1938. Imagine what today’s tourists from Japan, where guns are banned, think when gunfire echoes down Alpine valleys." Excerpt from my article, “A Swiss Schuetzenfest: The World’s Largest Rifle Match,” Shooting Sports USA, Oct. 9, 2019.  https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2019/10/9/a-swiss-schuetzenfest-the-world-s-largest-rifle-match/

Photo: I am holding my Stgw 90 rifle at the July 2010 Swiss Schuetzenfest
.
.
.
#SwissShootingAssociation #SchweizerSchiessportverband #protell #Schuetzenfest #swissSchuetzenfest #shootingsports #Stgw90 #rifle #rifles #shootingmatch #swiss #switzerland #shootingmatches #Strumgewehr #assaultrifle #assaultrifles #k31 #boltaction #swissriflesofdc #swissrifles #shootingclub #nraila #electronictargets #britishalpinerifles #stephenhalbrook #sandrafroman #henriguisan #shootingsportsusa #militiaday #riflematch
...

15 0
Instagram post 2152441015871479912_8257969936 New York State Rifle & Pistol Asso. v. New York City, the first Second Amendment case to be heard at the U.S. Supreme Court in nearly a decade has been scheduled for December 2.  The court rejected New York City's request that the case be declared moot.  They have instructed both sides to be prepared to argue both the mootness and merits issues of the case.

I discussed this situation with Cam Edwards this past Monday, October 7, on his video/podcast "Bearing Arms' Cam & Co.  You can watch our interview here: https://bearingarms.com/cam-e/2019/10/07/supreme-court-showdown-set-nyc-gun-case/ or listen to the podcast here: https://townhall.com/podcasts/camandco/2019/10/07/supreme-court-moves-forward-on-huge-second-amendment-case-n2554305 , or wherever you prefer to listen to podcasts. The podcast title is: "Supreme Court Moves Forward On Huge Second Amendment Case", Oct. 7.

The primary question of this case, presented before the Court, is whether New York City’s ban on transporting a licensed, locked, and unloaded handgun to a home or shooting range outside city limits is consistent with the Second Amendment.  The anti-gun movement is deathly afraid of a ruling from the Court that would further protect the right to arms.
.
.
.
#nysrpa #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #2ndamendmentsupporter #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearms #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #SCOTUS #donotinfringe #gunpermit #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #lawabidinggunowner 
#shootingrange #righttotravel #hellervsdc #bearingarmscam&co #camedwards

New York State Rifle & Pistol Asso. v. New York City, the first Second Amendment case to be heard at the U.S. Supreme Court in nearly a decade has been scheduled for December 2.  The court rejected New York City's request that the case be declared moot.  They have instructed both sides to be prepared to argue both the mootness and merits issues of the case.

I discussed this situation with Cam Edwards this past Monday, October 7, on his video/podcast "Bearing Arms' Cam & Co.  You can watch our interview here: https://bearingarms.com/cam-e/2019/10/07/supreme-court-showdown-set-nyc-gun-case/ or listen to the podcast here: https://townhall.com/podcasts/camandco/2019/10/07/supreme-court-moves-forward-on-huge-second-amendment-case-n2554305 , or wherever you prefer to listen to podcasts. The podcast title is: "Supreme Court Moves Forward On Huge Second Amendment Case", Oct. 7.

The primary question of this case, presented before the Court, is whether New York City’s ban on transporting a licensed, locked, and unloaded handgun to a home or shooting range outside city limits is consistent with the Second Amendment.  The anti-gun movement is deathly afraid of a ruling from the Court that would further protect the right to arms.
.
.
.
#nysrpa #supremecourt #ussupremecourt #righttocarry #2ndamendmentcases #2acases #2ndamendmentsupporter #constitutionalcarry #2a #2ndmendment #rtkba #righttobeararms #gunrestrictions #gunowners #gunowner #firearms #firearmslaws #nycgunlaws #constitutionalright #SCOTUS #donotinfringe #gunpermit #2arights #2ndamendmentrights #lawabidinggunowner 
#shootingrange #righttotravel #hellervsdc #bearingarmscam&co #camedwards
...

9 0
Instagram post 2147219657591978318_8257969936 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led an incredible expedition from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean. Know as the "Corps of Discovery," it lasted from 1804-1806. The men carried muskets, rifles, and pistols with them.  They also had a blunderbuss and swivel gun.  However the gun that seemed to impress the Indian tribes that they encountered the most, was Lewis's Girandoni repeating air rifle.  Invented in 1778 and used by the Austrian military, it had a magazine capacity of twenty-two balls that could be fired rapidly.

On January 24, 1806, Lewis wrote in his journal, "My Air-gun . . . astonishes them very much, they cannot comprehend it's shooting so often and without powder . . ."
.
.
.
#lewisandclark #meriwetherlewis #williamclark #corpsofdiscovery #Girandoni #Girandoniairgun #airgun #airgunhistory #muskets #rifles #pistols #blunderbuss #swivelgun #austrianmilitary #1778 #ushistory #americanhistory #famousexplorers #austrianmilitary #magazinecapacity #gunmagazine #nativeamericans #americanindians #adventurer #trailblazer #outdoorsmen #frontier

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led an incredible expedition from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean. Know as the "Corps of Discovery," it lasted from 1804-1806. The men carried muskets, rifles, and pistols with them.  They also had a blunderbuss and swivel gun.  However the gun that seemed to impress the Indian tribes that they encountered the most, was Lewis's Girandoni repeating air rifle.  Invented in 1778 and used by the Austrian military, it had a magazine capacity of twenty-two balls that could be fired rapidly.

On January 24, 1806, Lewis wrote in his journal, "My Air-gun . . . astonishes them very much, they cannot comprehend it's shooting so often and without powder . . ."
.
.
.
#lewisandclark #meriwetherlewis #williamclark #corpsofdiscovery #Girandoni #Girandoniairgun #airgun #airgunhistory #muskets #rifles #pistols #blunderbuss #swivelgun #austrianmilitary #1778 #ushistory #americanhistory #famousexplorers #austrianmilitary #magazinecapacity #gunmagazine #nativeamericans #americanindians #adventurer #trailblazer #outdoorsmen #frontier
...

22 0
Instagram post 2146489214760575827_8257969936 In his famous speech in Berlin, on June 26, 1963, President John Kennedy declared in German "Ich bin ein Berliner," which literally translates as "I am a jelly doughnut." He should have declared "Ich bin Berliner," meaning I'm a Berlin person.  He should have run that by his speechwriter/translator.  Known in Berlin as "Pfannkuchen," the doughnuts taste great.
.
.
.
#IchbineinBerliner #JFK #johnfkennedy #presidentkennedy #jellydonut #jellydoughnut #BerlinerPfannkuchen #jellydoughnutspeech  #IchbineinBerlinerJFK #famousspeeches #badtranslation #badtranslations #funnyhistory #1963 #berlinspeech #bostonaccent #filledpastry #grammarpolice #coldwar

In his famous speech in Berlin, on June 26, 1963, President John Kennedy declared in German "Ich bin ein Berliner," which literally translates as "I am a jelly doughnut." He should have declared "Ich bin Berliner," meaning I'm a Berlin person.  He should have run that by his speechwriter/translator.  Known in Berlin as "Pfannkuchen," the doughnuts taste great.
.
.
.
#IchbineinBerliner #JFK #johnfkennedy #presidentkennedy #jellydonut #jellydoughnut #BerlinerPfannkuchen #jellydoughnutspeech  #IchbineinBerlinerJFK #famousspeeches #badtranslation #badtranslations #funnyhistory #1963 #berlinspeech #bostonaccent #filledpastry #grammarpolice #coldwar
...

22 1
Instagram post 2145810236165050222_8257969936 Cloudy, rainy day, about 60 degrees.  Great running weather!  Berlin Marathon, September 29, 2019.
.
.
.
#marathon #marathonrunning #marathonrunner #marathoner 
#berlinmarathon #berlinmarathon2019 #bmwberlinmarathon #bmwberlinmarathon2019 #berlin42 #berlin26 #lawyersthatrun #seniorrunners #running #runnersofinstagram #runnerslife #runnershigh #runningcommunity #runforfun #racefun #finishtherace #runner #runnersworld #berlingermany

Cloudy, rainy day, about 60 degrees.  Great running weather!  Berlin Marathon, September 29, 2019.
.
.
.
#marathon #marathonrunning #marathonrunner #marathoner 
#berlinmarathon #berlinmarathon2019 #bmwberlinmarathon #bmwberlinmarathon2019 #berlin42 #berlin26 #lawyersthatrun #seniorrunners #running #runnersofinstagram #runnerslife #runnershigh #runningcommunity #runforfun #racefun #finishtherace #runner #runnersworld #berlingermany
...

29 2
Instagram post 2144310480804665522_8257969936 What did the Nazis do with the firearms they confiscated from Jews and their political opponents?  The firearms were "sent to concentration camps to guard these very same enemies of the regime.  On July 28, 1933, Prussian interior minister Göring ordered the governmental heads to inform the Concentration Camp Sonnenburg about available confiscated firearms.  Model 98 carbines, Model 08 army pistols, 9-mm submachine guns, and ammunition were of particular interest. . . . Carbines for the Concentration Camp Oranienburg were also desired." From Gun Control in the Third Reich, p. 77.

On this date in 1946, Nazi leader Hermann Göring was found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death at the Nuremberg war trials.

Photo: Reichsjägermeister Hermann Göring auf der Wildschweinjagd für die Winterhilfe im Staatsforst Springe bei Hannover am 14. Dezember 1934.
.
.
.
#hermanngoring #hermangoering  #hermanngoering #hermanngöring #nurembergwarcrimestrial #nurembergwartrials #nazi #nazigermany #reichstaghistory #nazichief #1933 #1946 #onthisday #onthisdate #naziconcentrationcamps #naziconcentrationcamp  #guncontrol #disarm #weaponssearch  #naziguncontrol #rghttobeararms #wwIIhistory #ww2history #firearms #guncontrolinthethirdreich #nazileader #carbine #submachineguns #model98 #9mm

What did the Nazis do with the firearms they confiscated from Jews and their political opponents?  The firearms were "sent to concentration camps to guard these very same enemies of the regime.  On July 28, 1933, Prussian interior minister Göring ordered the governmental heads to inform the Concentration Camp Sonnenburg about available confiscated firearms.  Model 98 carbines, Model 08 army pistols, 9-mm submachine guns, and ammunition were of particular interest. . . . Carbines for the Concentration Camp Oranienburg were also desired." From Gun Control in the Third Reich, p. 77.

On this date in 1946, Nazi leader Hermann Göring was found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death at the Nuremberg war trials.

Photo: Reichsjägermeister Hermann Göring auf der Wildschweinjagd für die Winterhilfe im Staatsforst Springe bei Hannover am 14. Dezember 1934.
.
.
.
#hermanngoring #hermangoering  #hermanngoering #hermanngöring #nurembergwarcrimestrial #nurembergwartrials #nazi #nazigermany #reichstaghistory #nazichief #1933 #1946 #onthisday #onthisdate #naziconcentrationcamps #naziconcentrationcamp  #guncontrol #disarm #weaponssearch  #naziguncontrol #rghttobeararms #wwIIhistory #ww2history #firearms #guncontrolinthethirdreich #nazileader #carbine #submachineguns #model98 #9mm
...

12 1

Marathon & Triathlon Photos

Reykjavík Half-Marathon, 2019
Reykjavík, Iceland

Jungfrau Marathon, 2004
Jungfrau, Switzerland

Marine Corps Marathon
Washington, D.C.

Alcatraz Triathlon, 2001
San Francisco, California

Berlin Marathon, 2019
Berlin, Germany

Berlin Marathon, 2017
Berlin, Germany